The worst areas in Britain for homophobic, racist and sexist abuse online have been revealed in a new study.
Analysis of 19 million tweets published in the past four years across the UK and US showed East Ayrshire and Midlothian in Scotland featured the highest number of racial abuse.
The most examples of misogynist insults were found in Northamptonshire while south Wales ranked highest in the UK for homophobia on social media.
Hate tweets are becoming a huge problem in the UK and increasingly being used in political and ideological disputes, such as the misogynistic abuse Labour MP Jess Phillips received including threats of rape and murder.
The data was published in a joint project between anti-bullying charity Ditch the Label and research firm Brandwatch, who reviewed a random sample of 19million tweets in the UK and US between 2012 and 2016.
And it revealed that people who voted Leave in the EU referendum were not more likely to racially abuse others online, although they were more likely to be transphobic.
In the US, Texas and Louisiana were the worst states for online racism, while Rhode Island and Iowa were where the most homophobic abuse was found.
Texas was also where the highest ratio of sexist tweets were recorded, with the state also high on the list for homophobia.